Westchester Speech Language Therapy and Pediatric Speech Pathology Solutions
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What is Speech Language Therapy?
The evaluation and treatment of communication difficulties and impairments are known as speech therapy. Our Westchester speech language therapy offers in-home and remote speech language therapy services.
Speech language therapy improves communication. Speech or language problems include articulation therapy, language intervention exercises, and parent coaching.
Childhood speech problems may need to be addressed by speech therapists. We also work with adults who have speech difficulties resulting from accidents or diseases, such as a stroke or brain damage.
What Causes Speech Sound Disorders Difficulties?
Adults may have speech sound problems that begin in infancy or develop after a stroke or severe brain damage. They are most common when young children are learning speech sounds and cannot generate them independently. We don’t always know what causes speech sound problems. We take for granted the ability to produce speech. Because most of the children we work with cannot grasp particular sounds on their own, our Westchester speech language therapists are here to help!
The following factors may also cause children’s speech sound problems:
- Autism and other developmental problems
- Down syndrome and other genetic syndromes
- Hearing loss (due to ear infections or other reasons)
- Brain damage caused by accidents or diseases such as cerebral palsy
What are the Most Common Speech Sound Disorders?
Articulation Disorder – On phonetic and motoric levels, this impacts children’s speech, causing them to have difficulty pronouncing certain speech sounds, such as consonants and vowels. For example, if a child cannot make the /l/ sound when his or her chronological and linguistic ages indicate that he or she should be able to, and there is no systematic mistake pattern (see below for phonological issues), it is likely that the child has an articulation disorder.
Phonological Disorder – The phonemic/linguistic/cognitive levels of speech production (a level higher than the phonetic/motoric components) are affected by this illness. Children with phonological disorders show systematic patterns in their speech production errors, such as consistently deleting /m/ in initial sounds, by saying “at” for “mat” or “ad” for “mad” for CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words, when the age error is unexpected for the child’s chronological and linguistic ages.
Dysarthria and apraxia are two other speech sound disorders that are much less common than articulation and phonological problems.
Even though children’s speech production errors are uncommon, many speech pathologists misdiagnose them due to a lack of understanding of the connection between phonology, morphology/syntax, and speech production skills. Many speech therapists focus only on the motoric aspects of speech production skills. The reason for this discrepancy in speech-language pathology is that master’s and post-level master’s training differs. Similarly, speech pathologists, particularly private speech and language therapists, are being pressured to use commercially available products that aren’t backed up by research. Many parents seek marketed goods and activities because they have been instructed to do so.
What Happens During Speech Therapy?
An assessment by a speech-language pathologist (SLP) is usually the first step in speech therapy. The SLP will identify the kind of communication issue and the best treatment choices.
Language Pathologist for children
Speech therapy for your child may take place in a classroom, small group, or one-on-one environments, depending on the speech issue. Speech therapy exercises and activities vary depending on your child’s health, age, and needs. During speech therapy for children, the SLP may:
- As part of language intervention, interact by chatting and playing and utilize books, drawings, and other items to promote language development.
- To educate a child how to produce specific sounds, model proper sounds, and syllables during age-appropriate play.
- Provide the child and parent or caregiver with methods and assignments for doing speech therapy at home.
Adult Speech Therapy & Language
Speech therapy for adults begins with an assessment to determine your needs and the best treatment choices. Adults who want to enhance their voice, language, and cognitive-communication may benefit from working with a Westchester speech language therapist.
Exercises may involve:
- Other cognitive-communication skills include problem-solving, remembering, and organization.
- Conversational techniques can help you speak more effectively in social settings.
- Exercising with resonance breathing.
- Exercises to improve your oral muscle movement when producing speech sounds.
Swallowing retraining may be performed to treat swallowing difficulties caused by an accident or a medical condition such as Parkinson’s disease or oral cancer.
There are several therapy services available if you wish to do speech therapy exercises at home, such as:
- Apps for speech treatment
- Games and toys for language learning, such as flip cards and flashcards workbooks
How Do You Treat With Expressive Language Disorder?
After establishing a diagnosis, the SLP will do further research and observations before creating a personalized therapy plan. However, it’s important to remember that therapy will not result in a permanent “cure” for the disease. Instead, pediatric speech therapy (SLPs) may educate children on managing their symptoms by giving them skills and techniques.
Therapy methods may vary depending on the speech therapist and the child’s needs. By modeling target behaviors, the speech therapist models and reinforces aspects of speech production that need to be addressed, such as sounds, vocabulary, and grammatical structure.
Some areas that SLPs address are:
- Improving phonological awareness.
- Increasing the breadth and depth of one’s vocabulary
- Knowing how to decipher ambiguous and metaphorical language (words with multiple meanings, ambiguous sentence structures)
- Rephrasing and comprehending information
- Using a more sophisticated kind of morphology (prefixes, suffixes)
- Creating more complex sentence structures
- Detecting and correcting grammatical and morphological errors
- Politeness, persuasion, and explanation through oral and written language.
- Increasing knowledge and skills at a conversational level
- Participating in discussions and overcoming conversational conflicts
- Knowing what to say, what not to say, when to speak, and when to refrain.
- Narrative intervention
- Using note-taking
- Investigating expository discourse at various grade levels
Children and adults with a range of speech and language difficulties may benefit from working with local Westchester speech language therapists. If begun early, speech therapy may assist with communication and self-confidence. Our Westchester speech-language pathologists also work with teenagers! Contact us now for a free consultation appointment!